I am just getting into Milky Way shots. I think there's nothing cooler than the iconic tent, lit up by a lantern, under the vast Milky Way. There are lots of good tutorials on line, but I'll share what I used to get these pics.
Obviously, you want to shoot somewhere remote, with minimal light pollution. This is hard in New Jersey, but I actually took one shot in the Garden State. Kelly and I went down to Avalon, which has a nice long beach and not much light from surrounding cities. We waited until moonset, which was at about 3 AM, to make sure it was as dark as possible. The stars were beautiful, and you could see a slight fog, which I assumed to be the milky way.
I set my camera to RAW, grabbed my wide angle and set it to wide open (f2,8 on my rokinon). I used a high ISO and a 30 second shutter. Anything longer than 30 seconds, and the stars will start to blur as the Earth rotates. The foreground was actually completely lit by a far off light. The Milky Way was immediately present in the exposure, but I did some white point and black point editing in photoshop to really make it pop. It's amazing that Kelly turned out as sharp as she did, because she had to stay still for 30 seconds! As an alternative to posing like a statue, you can use a burst of light to illuminate the foreground, like i did with a headlamp on the joshua tree picture.
Dave Morrow has incredible free and paid guides. Getting good star conditions is very hard, considering you need low/no moonlight, no clouds, crisp air, a certified dark space, and it helps if the milky way is up! Some great tools are "The Photographers Ephemeris" for sunrise/moonrite etc, and Stellarium for star locations. There are plenty of dark zone maps and good weather tools on Dave's guide. I do most of my edits in RAW, but the Nik collection noise filter "Dfine" is free and great for star noise reduction.